While not exhaustive, I want to put forth three reasons that the "Don't Judge" advocate is incorrect, each followed with Scriptural support. By "Don't Judge" advocate, I am referring to Christians who believe that it is wrong to confront a fellow Christian about sin and to call him to repentance.
1. "Don't judge" is itself a judgment: So we can see the irony in the argument immediately. If we are not supposed to judge at all, then telling other people not to judge is the same as making a judgment. In this case, the judgment being made is against judging. So in essence, "Don't Judge" advocates undercut their own conviction from the start, which is the same problem that all postmodern understandings of reality face. While a bit out of context, Romans 2:1 can be applied to this argument.
Romans 2:1--"Therefore you have no excuse, O man, everyone of you who judge. For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things
2. "Don't judge" is steeped in partiality: Again, we sense the thickness of irony. For most of the "Don't Judge" advocates, their conviction usually only applies to the things or persons they "love" or in which they have a vested interest. This is especially true in cases of partiality that involve ethnocentrism, family relations, and authority issues--each of which is important and needs to be illustrated with possible scenarios:
- Ethnocentrism--This can be seen when the hearts of "Don't Judge" advocates bleed with mercy over a member of their own ethnicity who has committed a grievous sin, but the same mercy is often withheld from a sinner of a different ethnicity. Therefore, church discipline is for "those other kind of people."
- Family Relations--The old adage "blood is thicker than water" proves too often true. This can be seen, for example, when the "Don't Judge" advocate may affirm homosexuality as a sin against God that will be met with God's wrath if Christ is not trusted and this sin forsaken. Yet, many refuse to believe that their own homosexual son or daughter is bound for hell without Christ, especially if that son or daughter has made a previous "profession of faith." Therefore, church discipline is for "other sinners outside of my family."
- Authority Issues--People the world over are depraved sinners ever seeking to be "free" from authority. One way that this form of partiality manifests itself in the local church is in regard to the pastor-sheep relationship. Not only have I experienced this first hand as a pastor, but practically all of my pastor friends have experienced the same thing. Time and again, the "Don't Judge" advocates will defend the members of their own ethnicity, family, or their close friends to the hilt. If you want to see people's blood boil, then simply obey the Lord's instructions on church discipline, and the "Don't Judge" sword will be thrust in you repeatedly. Ironically, many of these same "Don't Judge" advocates will gladly throw you under the bus for your own sin, whether perceived or actual. In other words, the only people subject to church discipline in most evangelical churches today are pastors. To add insult to injury, churches that discipline the pastor most often do so unbiblically. Rather than follow the commands of the Lord Jesus in Matthew 18:15-20, they more often than not skip to Step 4 in the process and rashly excommunicate the man of God, affecting multiple consequences in the life of his family and many families within the church.
James had quite a lot to say about the sin of partiality in his epistle, primarily drawn from chapter 2. The entire book, however, speaks to the issue of true religion, and the sin of partiality is especially pinpointed as evidence of relgion that is false.
James 2:1--"My brothers, hold no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory."
James 2:8-9--"If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself," you are doing well. But if you show partiality, you commit sin and are convicted by the law as trangressors."
3. "Don't judge" is rooted in the eisegesis of God's word: Eisegesis is sort of a tongue-in-cheek term that means that a person reads his own meaning into the Bible rather than allowing the Bible to speak for itself (the latter of which we call exegesis). Now admittedly, all people read into the text due to our naturally biased slant, but this doesn't mean that we should desire to do so. Rather, our desire should always be to exegete the text, that is bring out the meaning of the text as intended by God through His inspired author. Eisegesis is severely detrimental when it comes to the church discipline passages in Scripture and in the use of Matthew 7:1 as a supposed defense against church discipline. This form of partiality can be seen when the "Don't Judge" advocates do one of several things with Holy Scripture:
- They frequently rip verses out of their context, as in the case of Matthew 7:1
- They frequently ignore or downplay what the Bible says altogether, as in the case of Matthew 18:15-20 and Galatians 6:1
- They frequently under-contextualize the Bible (in other words, they say that these verses are for first-century Christians only), as in the case of 1 Corinthians 5:1-7 and 2 Thessalonians 3:6, 14-15
In answer to these common twistings of God's word, let's look at a more complete context of these passages.
Matthew 7:1-5 (this passage clearly teaches that the judgment that Jesus has in mind is primarily hypocritical in nature, though He may also be alluding to a final/eternal judgment; but there is no doubt that believers are to help fellow believers remove specks of sin from their lives)
1 "Judge not, that you be not judged.
2 For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and with the measure you use it will be measured to you.
3 Why do you see the speck that is in your brother's eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye?
4 Or how can you say to your brother, 'Let me take the speck out of your eye,' when there is the log in your own eye?
5 You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother's eye."
Matthew 18:15-20 (this passage clearly teaches that there is a minimum of a four step process for dealing with sin between Christians for the purpose of reconciliation)
15 "If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother.
16 But if he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, that every charge may be established by the evidence of two or three witnesses.
17 If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector.
18 Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
19 Again I say to you, if two of you agree on earth about anything they ask, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven.
20 For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them."
Galatians 6:1 (this passage clearly teaches that believers are to restore/reconcile sinning believers back to a repentant status)
"Brothers, if anyone is caught in any transgression, you who are spiritual should restore him in a spirit of gentleness. Keep watch on yourself, lest you too be tempted."
1 Corinthians 5:1-7 (this passage clearly teaches that ignoring and/or enduring sin in the local church leads to arrogance and impurity; therefore, church discipline is actually meant to be a process of humility and purity; further, excluding an unrepentant believer from church fellowship is for the purpose of reconciliation and for his eternal salvation)
1 "It is acutally reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that is not tolerated even among pagans, for a man has his father's wife.
2 And you are arrogant! Ought you not rather mourn? Let him who has done this be removed from among you.
3 For though absent in body, I am present in spirit; and as if present, I have already pronounced judgment on the one who did such a thing.
4 When you are assembled in the name of the Lord Jesus and my spirit is present, with the power of our Lord Jesus,
5 you are to deliver this man to Satan for the destruction of the flesh.
6 Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump?
7 Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed."
2 Thessalonians 3:6, 14-15 (this passage clearly teaches that sinning believers who are unwilling to repent must be excluded from fellowship but that they must continue to be warned of the need of repentance)
6 "Now we command you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you keep away from any brother who is walking in idleness and not in accord with the tradition that you received from us.
14 If anyone does not obey what we say in this letter, take note of that person, and have nothing to do with him, that he may be ashamed.
15 Do not regard him as an enemy, but warn him as a brother."
In conclusion, while a complete picture of church discipline has not been presented and all objections have not been answered, the basic question of whether Matthew 7:1 condemns all forms of judgment/discipline has been addressed. We must conclude with Scripture and with common (sanctified) sense that discipline is necessary in all aspects of life and especially within Christ's church. We can no more deny biblical church discipline than the Lord who gave us the command to carry it out (Matt.18:15-20). May God in His grace reconcile all of us sinners to Himself and to one another through Jesus Christ our Lord.
For His Glory,
Jeremy, you've touched on something so important here. If I had a nickel for every time I heard somebody say "Judge not, lest you be judged," I'd have plenty of money to write a check to pay for our church's new playground! Context and the analogy of faith are so important to understanding the Bible. You've done a great job illustrating this in your article.
1) Matthew 5:1-5, as you pointed out, is not aimed at keeping us from ever judging. Rather, it's aimed at killing our judgmentalism, hypocrisy, and harshness. I would say that the BIG IDEA of that passage is "Consider your sin as more serious than somebody else's."
2) I believe that this "judge not" mentality is fueled by pop psychology and postmodernism, where it's just not nice to consider anybody wrong because they believe there are very few things that are really wrong. We live in a age of "to each his own."
As you point out, the funny thing is that those who scream "don't judge" are self-defeating in that they are themselves judging. It's like my liberal professors at my alma-mater Hanover College who felt that some judging was going on on campus. So, they got together a little ad campaign that said this, "Intolerance will not be tolerated." That's all well and good, but their bias blinded them to the fact that they were being intolerant to the intolerant. Oh, precious memories! If I only knew then what I know now, it would have been a very lively debate.
Well, I've blabbed on enough. Jeremy, let me just say if I was in a nonjudging mood I would say, "Jeremy, that was an article," but since I feel judgment rising up in me, let me say, "Jeremy, that was an excellent article!" Blessings!